Types of Abuse

Domestic Abuse is “the abuse of power and control over one person by another” & can take many different forms.

Physical abuse:
“Any act where an individual attempts to farm an other through physical means.”

Read more 

lonely lady

Emotional Abuse:

“Any act where on partner controls or humiliates the other…involving a person’s attempts to frighten, control or isolate.

“It is in the abuser’s words and actions, as well as their persistence in these behaviours.”

Read more…


Coercive Control:

“A pattern of intimidation, degradation, isolation and control, with the use of, or threat of physical or sexual violence.”

Find out more abour coercive control…

Man phone angry

Narcissistic Abuse:

“A pattern of manipulative, controlling behaviour that involves both verbal abuse and emotional manipulation.”

Find out more about Narcissistic Abuse…

Financial/Economic Abuse:

“Controlling through economic domination or draining finances through extortion, theft, manipulation of gambling. Or by accruing debt in you name of selling your personal property.”

Find out more about Financial/Economic Abuse…


Verbal Abuse: 

“The act of forcefully criticizing, insulting or denouncing another person.

“Characterised by underlying anger and hostility, it is intended to harm the th other person and produce negative emotions.”


Sexual Abuse:

“A form of physical abuse. Forced sex, even by a spouse or intimate partner, with whom you have consensual sex, is an act of aggression and violence.”

Honour-based Abuse:

“A collection of practises, violence and threats, used to control behaviour at the hands of family or community, in order to protect perceived cultural and religious beliefs and/or honour.”

Visit Refuge more details

coercive control

Warning signs

“Red flags” are indicators that you are potentially dealing with a toxic person and headed into an abusive situation.

Find out more about warning signs here.